Ground — Information

Portable anti-material weapons

PORTABLE ANTI-MATERIEL WEAPONS

 

AT4

The AT-4 is an 84-mm unguided, portable, single-shot recoilless smoothbore weapon built in Sweden by Saab Bofors Dynamics (previously Bofors Anti-Armour Systems). Saab has had considerable sales success with the AT4, making it one of the most common light anti-tank weapons in the world.
In service: 1987–present
Weight: 6.7 kg (14.8 lb)
Length: 102 cm (40 in)
Muzzle velocity: 290 m/s (950 ft/s)
Effective firing range: 300 m (point target)
Sights: Iron sights, optional night vision unit

FGM-148 Javelin


Javelin is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch and automatic self-guidance. The system takes a top-attack flight profile against armored vehicles (attacking the top armor, which is generally thinner), but can also take a direct-attack mode for use against buildings. This missile also has the ability to engage helicopters in the direct attack mode. It can reach a peak altitude of 150 m (500 ft) in top-attack mode and 60 m in direct-fire mode. It is equipped with an imaging infrared seeker. The tandem warhead is fitted with two shaped charges: a precursor warhead to detonate any explosive reactive armor and a primary warhead to penetrate base armor. The missile is ejected from the launcher so that it reaches a safe distance from the operator before the main rocket motors ignite; a «soft launch arrangement». This makes it harder to identify the launcher; however, back-blast from the launch tube still poses a hazard to nearby personnel. Thanks to this «fire and forget» system, the firing team may change their position as soon as the missile has been launched, or prepare to fire on their next target while the first missile is still in the air. The missile system is most often carried by a two-man team consisting of a gunner and an ammo bearer, although it can be fired with just one person if necessary. While the gunner aims and fires the missile, the ammo bearer scans for prospective targets, watches for threats, such as enemy vehicles and troops, and ensures that personnel and obstacles are clear of the missile’s back blast.


Missile components.
FIM-92 Stinger

Light to carry and easy to operate, the FIM-92 Stinger is a passive surface-to-air missile, that can be shoulder-fired by a single operator (although standard military procedure calls for two operators, spotter and gunner). The FIM-92B missile can also be fired from the M-1097 Avenger and the M6 Linebacker. The missile is also capable of being deployed from a Humvee Stinger rack, and can be used by airborne troops. A helicopter launched version exists called Air-to-Air Stinger (ATAS). The missile is 5.0 ft (1.52 m) long and 2.8 in (70 mm) in diameter with 10 cm fins. The missile itself weighs 22 lb (10.1 kg), while the missile with launcher weighs approximately 34 lb (15.2 kg). The Stinger is launched by a small ejection motor that pushes it a safe distance from the operator before engaging the main two-stage solid-fuel sustainer, which accelerates it to a maximum speed of Mach 2.54 (750 m/s). The warhead is a 3 kg penetrating hit-to-kill warhead type with an impact fuze and a self-destruct timer. To fire the missile, a BCU (Battery Coolant Unit) is inserted into the handguard. This shoots a stream of argon gas into the system, as well as a chemical energy charge that enables the acquisition indicators and missile to get power. The batteries are somewhat sensitive to abuse, with a limited amount of gas. Over time, and without proper maintenance, they can become unserviceable. The IFF system receives power from a rechargeable battery. Guidance to the target is initially through proportional navigation, then switches to another mode that directs the missile towards the target airframe instead of its exhaust plume.


9M133 Kornet

The Kornet is a Russian anti-tank missile (ATGM). The Kornet-E anti-tank missile is designed and manufactured by the Russian Company KBP Instrument Design Bureau. The Kornet-E is designed to defeat current and future ERA-equipped tanks, lightly armoured vehicles, fortifications and low-flying air targets in electronic and jamming environments at any time of day and night in any weather conditions. The Kornet-E system comprises combat assets, maintenance facilities and training aids. The Kornet-E system is a powerful defense and assault weapon of motorized ubits of land forces. Kornet-E missiles do not required maintenance during their operations and storage. Test equipment is provided to keep the launcher and the thermal sight in serviceable condition. The training aids of the system include a field trainer and a computer-aided indoor trainer.


9M123 Khrizantema

The Khrizantema BMP-3 (Russian name 9P157-2) based tank destroyer has been developed under the leadership of the KBM Engineering Design Bureau in Moscow and was announced for the first time in 1996. The KBM Khrizantema BMP-3 tank destroyer was first seen in public during an air show in Moscow in late 1999 and at that time it remained at the prototype stage. Russia refers to the system as the Khrizantema-S. The modified BMP-3 Khrizantema carrier vehicle only needs a crew of 2-man with 2 Khrizantema missiles ready-to-fire. Reloading operations can be done automatically under armor protection. In mid-2003 it was stated that series production of this system was underway and that it would be issued to motor rifle regiments, marines, special reconnaissance and special sub-units. The BMP-3 Khrizantema-S system is designed to engage existing and future tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, lightly armored targets, engineer structures, fire emplacements, boats, low-flying low-speed aircraft, and manpower in shelters and on open terrain in any weather, by day and night, at battle field obscurants.