Ground — Information

Uniform and equipment

UNIFORM AND EQUIPMENT

Here is a soldier in a uniform called fighting order. He has a rifle as his personal weapon. There is a bayonet and a sling on the rifle.

He is in combat kit and boots. There is a camouflage net on his steel helmet and he has a face veil round his neck.

On his belt there are four pouches and a water bottle. In the two front pouches are some grenades, some ammunition for his personal weapon and also spare rounds for his section’s machine gun. In his two rear pouches there are his combat rations and various items of essential personal equipment.


U.S. Soldiers carry some of the most advanced equipment on the planet. These gadgets range from portable GPS receivers that allow Soldiers to easily navigate an area of operations to non-lethal laser devices that can safely stop a potential threat in its tracks.

AN/PSQ-20 ENHANCED NIGHT VISION GOGGLES

This dual-sensor night vision goggle has both thermal and non-thermal image intensifying capabilities. This system is equipped to handle any low-vision environment, including heavy rain, fog, snow, and smoke.

SURVIVAL KIT READY ACCESS (SKRAM)

The Survival Kit, Ready Access, Modular (SKRAM) provides Soldiers with essential equipment and supplies during an escape-and-evade scenario. The kit includes Aviation Life-Support Equipment (ALSE), mandatory minimum gear, 100 ounces of water, ammunition, a field sleeping system, and water filters and sterilizers.

MODULAR LIGHTWEIGHT LOAD CARRYING EQUIPMENT (MOLLE)

The Modular Lightweight Load-Carrying Equipment (MOLLE) is a specialized carrier that holds all of a Soldier’s mission-essential items.

TARGET RECONNAISSANCE INFRARED GEOLOCATING RANGEFINDER (TRIGR)

The Laser Target Locators (LTL) are handheld or tripod-mounted, lightweight laser target locators. They deliver target data to the fire support, and maneuver command, control, communications and intelligence system (C4I).

MICROCLIMATE COOLING SYSTEM

The Microclimate Cooling System (MCS) reduces heat stress to helicopter crewmembers, especially while they are wearing chemical and biological protective equipment in hot weather. The MCS gives Army aviators an increase of more than 350 percent (from 1.6 hours to 5.7 hours) in heat-stress mission endurance times while they are wearing chemical protective equipment or other crew member clothing.

GREEN LASER INTERDICTION SYSTEM

The Green Laser Interdiction System (GLIS) is a rifle-mounted laser that allows the operator to stop hostile actions safely, without discharging a weapon. It can divert, disrupt or delay potential threats before they can engage friendly forces. It is also an effective, non-lethal means to warn civilians that they are approaching a zone of military operations.

Ratnik is a Russian infantry combat system. It is designed to improve the connectivity and combat effectiveness of the Russian army. Improvements include modernized body armor, helmet with special monitor (eye monitor, thermal, night vision monocular, flashlight), systems of communication and special headphones. The «Strelets» («Musketeer») system gives ability of voice and video communication. Also, it includes a GLONASS navigation module, so a squad leader can see location of each soldier on his small, book-sized, computer. With this computer, he also can give orders to his squad, send videos and photos to headquarters. Each soldier has his own tactical computer, but instead of the leader’s computer, this one is smaller, telephone-sized. «Ratnik» protects almost 90% of soldier’s body. In general, weight of full «Ratnik» equipment with the special thigh and shoulder bulletproof shields is 19-20 kilograms. Basic «Ratnik» (for engineers and medics) weighs 15 kg ( without thigh and shoulder guards). «Ratnik» passed all of the tests, and is been adopted by the Russian Armed Forces. For the Navy, the bulletproof vest is combined with the life vest, so soldiers and sailors that were thrown to the water won’t drown.